For more posts with baby-related tips, see our: series on traveling / flying with an infant, favorite places to buy practical baby clothes, and starting solid foods (sorry I got derailed from publishing Part 2!).
Eczema…the pesky skin condition that plagues so many of us and our little ones. We’ve been battling it on Nori since she was a few months old, and everyone says most babies will outgrow it, but Nick is a prime example of an adult who’s been trying to manage eczema his whole life.
I’m sharing our fairly standard eczema-mitigating routine as recommended by Nori’s dermatologists and allergists. This is just what we do, so as always, please consult your doctors for any medical advice!
1. Moisturization & bathtime routine
We’ve tried countless eczema products that people have recommended such as Tubby Todd, Eczema Honey, Mustela (Nick is the product tester for Nori). For us there have been no miracle products, rather what’s important is a continuous daily routine of keeping the skin protected and moisturized.
- Bathe / shower regularly in lukewarm water for around 10 minutes. We used to be told those with dry skin should bathe less frequently, but now our docs all suggest at least daily baths, with the keys being:
- lukewarm temperatures – around body temperature or below, which we check using a kitchen thermometer
- not too long in duration, which can strip the skin of natural oils; and
- sealing in moisture immediately afterwards (see 3rd bullet below)
- test for water hardness as hard water may contribute to eczema
- Use diluted bleach baths or cLn wash regularly to limit bacteria on skin. I was very hesitant to do this, but it’s supposedly more gentle than chlorine in a pool and every doc kept instructing us to do it. Nori had some bad patches of eczema that got infected and was prescribed antibiotics more than once, and we were told regular bleach baths may help prevent this. Knowing the potential association between antibiotics in infancy and allergies, I would’ve tried everything the docs recommended to prevent bacterial infection.
- Seal in the moisture after bathing. I feel this has been really key in our daily routine. After your little one gets out of the bath or shower, gently pat off water drops then immediately pat (not rub) a layer of moisturizer on damp skin to “seal in” the moisture. This should be done within 2 to 3 minutes of getting out of the bath.
- Moisturize during every diaper change, if possible. This isn’t practical for us but we aim to moisturize 2-3x a day and we ask her caretakers to do the same.
- Topical steroid use. We do use prescribed steroids during flare ups but of course would prefer not to. But by following this daily routine and everything else in this post, we don’t use it much anymore. I have gotten a lot of reader recommendations to look into Dr. Richard Aron’s eczema regimen (involves topical steroids), so wanted to pass that along.
- Wet wraps if needed. We have not done this since it’s cold in our house in the winter, but our docs strongly suggested this and several mamas say it works well.
2. Favorite products in our routine
We’ve been told that minimally dyed 100% cotton, bamboo, and silk are recommended fabrics for eczema prone skin. In my experience, bamboo and silk have been more gentle on Nori’s skin than standard cotton.
- Anti scratching shrug sleeves. This concept was a recommendation from you guys and has been a GODSEND, especially for bedtime as she used to scratch herself bloody all the time. I’ve found 3 brands available and have tried them all:
- Polka Pinka Etsy shop sews handmade scratch sleeves in several styles. Ours seem very soft and comfy for Nori, and the hands can flip open or shut. These are pricier but you’re also supporting a small minority-run business. From my order date to delivery it took 3 weeks, but for more pressing needs, maybe ask if the seller can do expedited orders for a fee.
- ScratchMeNot brand – pictured above. These were our favorite readily made sleeves, but their website hasn’t worked in half a year so I think they may have sadly gone out of business.
- ScratchSleeves brand – Priced around $20-$25 on Amazon, these run narrow in the hand area so we size up. Also the hands do NOT flip open (not an issue for us at bedtime, but less convenient if your little one will be wearing these during the day). When we ordered on Amazon these shipped from the UK, so be sure to check the estimated arrival date.
- Frarance-free gentle cleansers and moisturizers. We usually do not use soap at bath time, except for Honest fragrance free shampoo / body wash once every few days. For moisturizing, we’ll use an unscented lotion like Tubby Todd, Vanicream, Hydrolatum or Cerave and to be honest haven’t noticed any major differences with these.
- Zipper onesies with flip over mitts and footies, so you can cover a hand or foot, if needed. The foldover covers are more common in infant onesies but are getting hard to find in bigger toddler sizes! Here’s my 2 favorite brands that each also feature double zippers for easy diaper changes:
- Lil Sleepies bamboo zippies – super soft, stretchy, and lightweight so are especially nice in the summer. At first I thought these would be too thin for winter, but I LOVE them and we just layer if necessary. Only sizes up to 12-18 months have the foldover covers, which I’m bummed about as Nori is just about to outgrow that size. Due to the fabric, these are the only flipover mitts that she cannot break free from!
- Kids Tales cotton blend zipper rompers – medium to thicker weight fabric. Nori lives in these at home and I love them for travel. Tag is on the outside so you need to trim it off. I’ve been very happy with these (favorites are the pineapple and watermelon print), but FYI I have found a little fabric feel inconsistency and had to return one due to a broken zipper. Nori can break free from these foldover mitts overnight (so for bed time, I keep them open but layer a Scratch Me Not over it), however they work temporarily if I need her to stop scratching during a diaper change.
- Bamboo hooded towel + washcloths. These are so soft, and the towel is a generous size.
- Electric gentle nail file to help keep sharp nails from doing too much damage.
- Silk crib sheets: A total luxury and splurge product (that mama doesn’t even get to indulge in), but we have 1 silk crib sheet from Silky Tots that’s extra nice and gentle on her face and scalp, especially when Nori would rub her head back and forth against cotton sheets til it was raw and bloody during bad eczema flare ups.
Outside of our bathing and bedtime “maintenance” routine, below are other steps we take to help prevent and mitigate eczema flare ups in the family.
3. Gut health and FOOD allergies
- Probiotics. Many have suggested a linkage between eczema and gut health, and the importance of probiotics. I don’t have anything special to recommend as we just give Nori standard kids probiotics by Culturelle. She was put on antibiotics twice as a newborn which I really tried to avoid (but had no good alternative), as they likely wiped out a lot of her healthy gut bacteria.
- Eliminating cow’s milk from mom’s diet while breastfeeding. I feel like this is a common blanket suggestion that docs give breastfeeding moms for issues ranging from reflux to eczema to general fussiness. I did not notice any difference after eliminating dairy from my own diet, but have heard from fellow moms who noticed a big difference. Just make sure you’re getting your calcium in other ways so you don’t become calcium deficient.
- Testing for food allergies prior to starting baby on solids. Current American pediatric guidelines encourage introducing babies to common food allergens once they start solid foods (allergens include egg, dairy, peanut, tree nut, fish, shellfish). But if your baby already has eczema, your doc may suggest allergy testing first, in case these foods will worsen their skin condition.
- Our pediatrician had Nori do a blood allergy test when she was 6 months old (and again at 1 year old) which both came back positive for nuts, dairy, egg, soy, and sesame allergies. Some of these allergies have proven to be real on her, while a few like soy and sesame may have been false positives. Most doctors believe babies will outgrow dairy and egg allergies (less hopeful for nuts), so we are currently doing an egg ladder challenge and will hopefully tackle dairy next – see example egg & dairy challenge instructions.
- Also, I’ve heard a lot of great things about the SoCal Food Allergy Institute (currently has a patient waitlist) from readers far and wide, so just wanted to mention them for anyone dealing with severe food allergies.
- Foods that allegedly worsen itchiness. These supposedly include some of Nori’s favorite foods (avocados, tomatoes, grapes, citrus) which I still give to her. But again, some mamas say their babies have a noticeable reaction, so I just wanted to share.
- Nori does develop a skin rash on her hand and mouth after eating certain foods but it usually goes away after we wash the areas with water. Our allergist suggested applying a layer of vaseline around your little one’s mouth prior to eating potential allergy or itchy foods, to minimize contact-related skin irritations.
4. Environmental factors
- Reduce indoor allergens and dust by vacuuming and cleaning regularly around the house, including washing dust mite-trapping objects like stuffed animals and bed linens. We got rid of our big fluffy rugs that couldn’t easily be cleaned. Also this is a given to some, but keep your windows closed during high pollen seasons.
- Keep humidity levels around 50% and make sure to clean your humidifier (it’s a pain, I know). We run a cool mist humidifier only when our heater is on, because excess humidity can then contribute to mold. When we travel, it’s pretty noticeable how Nick’s (and now Nori’s) eczema changes in different climates, to the point that we’ve considered moving for this purpose.
- Keep temperatures cool but comfortable to avoid sweat. Sweat immediately triggers Nori’s flare ups, including if her back gets a little too warm sitting in a stroller or carseat, or if she’s wearing too many layers. We keep our home temperature around 68 degrees and it’s been trial and error on how warmly to dress her overnight.
5. Contact factors
Being married to someone who has dealt with allergies, asthma and eczema most of his life, this is the norm in our household:
- Use a small amount of free & clear, fragrance free detergent. Note that unscented is not the same as fragrance free, as sometimes unscented products still have fragrances in them to neutralize odors. I found this article on laundry by a fellow eczema mama to be a helpful read.
- Machine wash laundry with an extra rinse cycle.
- No / minimal perfumes or fragranced products on us or in the home including soap, lotion, etc. We ask this of house guests and caretakers in our home too since both Nick and Nori are sensitive.
- Clothing and bedding in cotton, silk, or bamboo as mentioned above under our favorite products.
We have gotten a lot of valuable tips and advice from you guys (like the scratch sleeves!), so please feel free to share other things and products that have worked for you and / or your little ones!